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Average Salary in Canada 2020

How much money does a person working in Canada make?


Average Yearly Salary
169,000 CAD
( 14,100 CAD monthly)

LOW
22,800
CAD
AVERAGE
169,000
CAD
HIGH
747,000
CAD

A person working in Canada typically earns around 169,000 CAD per year. Salaries range from 22,800 CAD (lowest average) to 747,000 CAD (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

This is the average yearly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits. Salaries vary drastically between different careers. If you are interested in the salary of a particular job, see below for salaries for specific job titles.

Distribution of Salaries in Canada

Median and salary distribution yearly Canada
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The median, the maximum, the minimum, and the range

  • Salary Range

    Salaries in Canada range from 22,800 CAD per year (minimum salary) to 747,000 CAD per year (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher).

  • Median Salary

    The median salary is 159,000 CAD per year, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 159,000 CAD while the other half are earning more than 159,000 CAD. The median represents the middle salary value. Generally speaking, you would want to be on the right side of the graph with the group earning more than the median salary.

  • Percentiles

    Closely related to the median are two values: the 25th and the 75th percentiles. Reading from the salary distribution diagram, 25% of the population are earning less than 81,600 CAD while 75% of them are earning more than 81,600 CAD. Also from the diagram, 75% of the population are earning less than 426,000 CAD while 25% are earning more than 426,000 CAD.


What is the difference between the median and the average salary?

Both are indicators. If your salary is higher than both of the average and the median then you are doing very well. If your salary is lower than both, then many people are earning more than you and there is plenty of room for improvement. If your wage is between the average and the median, then things can be a bit complicated. We wrote a guide to explain all about the different scenarios. How to compare your salary

Salary Comparison by Years of Experience

How does a person's salary progress over time?

Salary Comparison By Experience Level
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The experience level is the most important factor in determining the salary. Naturally the more years of experience the higher the wage.

Generally speaking, employees having experience from two to five years earn on average 32% more than freshers and juniors across all industries and disciplines.

Professionals with experience of more than five years tend to earn on average 36% more than those with five years or less of work experience.


Change in salary based on experience varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of many different jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

As you hit the ten years mark, the salary increases by 21% and an additional 14% for those who have crossed the 15 years mark.

Those figures are presented as guidelines only. The numbers become more significant if you consider one job title at a time.

On average, a person's salary doubles their starting salary by the time they cross the 10 years* experience mark.
* Based on the average change in salary over time. Salary variations differ from person to person.

Salary Comparison By Education

How does the education level affect your salary?

Salary Comparison By Education
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It is well known that higher education equals a bigger salary, but how much more money can a degree add to your income? We compared the salaries of professionals at the same level but with different college degrees levels across many jobs, below are our findings.


Change in salary based on education varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of multiple jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

Workers with a certificate or diploma earn on average 17% more than their peers who only reached the high school level.

Employees who earned a Bachelor's Degree earn 24% more than those who only managed to attain a cerificate or diploma.

Professionals who attained a Master's Degree are awarded salaries that are 29% more than those with a Bachelor's Degree.

Finally, PhD holders earn 23% more than Master's Degree holders on average while doing the same job.


Is a Master's degree or an MBA worth it? Should you pursue higher education?

A Master's degree program or any post-graduate program in Canada costs anywhere from 70,300 Canadian Dollar(s) to 211,000 Canadian Dollar(s) and lasts approximately two years. That is quite an investment.

You can't really expect any salary increases during the study period, assuming you already have a job. In most cases, a salary review is conducted once education is completed and the degree has been attained.

Many people pursue higher education as a tactic to switch into a higher paying job. The numbers seem to support this tactic. The average increase in compensation while changing jobs is approximately 10% more than the customary salary increment.

The decision really depends on your situation and experience among many other factors. Putting all variables aside, if you can afford the costs of higher education then the return on investment is definitely worth it. You should be able to recover the costs in roughly a year or so.



Salary Comparison By Gender

Salary comparison by gender yearly Canada
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Though gender should not have an effect on pay, in reality, it does. So who gets paid more: men or women? Male employees in Canada earn 5% more than their female counterparts.

Female
164,000 CAD
Male+5%
173,000 CAD
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Average Annual Salary Increment Percentage in Canada

How much are annual salary increments in Canada? How often do employees get salary raises?

Canada

Employees in Canada are likely to observe a salary increase of approximately 9% every 15 months.

Annual Salary Increment Rate Canada
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The figures provided here are averages of numbers. Those figures should be taken as general guidelines. Salary increments will vary from person to person and depend on many factors, but your performance and contribution to the success of the organization remain the most important factors in determining how much and how often you will be granted a raise.

The term 'Annual Salary Increase' usually refers to the increase in 12 calendar month period, but because it is rarely that people get their salaries reviewed exactly on the one year mark, it is more meaningful to know the frequency and the rate at the time of the increase.

How to calculate the salary increment percentage?

The annual salary Increase in a calendar year (12 months) can be easily calculated as follows: Annual Salary Increase = Increase Rate x 12 ÷ Increase Frequency

The average salary increase in one year (12 months) in Canada is 7%.

Annual Increment Rate By Industry 2019

Banking
2%
Energy
4%
Information Technology
6%
Healthcare
8%
Travel
1%
Construction
3%
Education
5%

Listed above are the average annual increase rates for each industry in Canada for the year 2019. Companies within thriving industries tend to provide higher and more frequent raises. Exceptions do exist, but generally speaking, the situation of any company is closely related to the economic situation in the country or region. These figures tend to change frequently.


Average Salary Increase Rate by Experience Level

Junoir Level
3% - 5%
Mid-Career
6% - 9%
Senior Level
10% - 15%
Top Management
15% - 20%

The difference in increment rates is somehow justified because employers put more effort to retain more experienced staff since they are harder to acquire than less experienced ones.

Worldwide Salary Raises: All Countries and All Jobs

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Bonus and Incentive Rates in Canada

How much and how often are bonuses being awarded?Annual Salary Bonus Rate Canada
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48% of surveyed staff in Canada reported that they haven't received any bonuses or incentives in the previous year while 52% said that they received at least one form of monetary bonus.

Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 3% to 5% of their annual salary.

Received Bonus
52%
No Bonus
48%

Types of Bonuses Considered

Individual Performance-Based Bonuses

The most standard form of bonus where the employee is awarded based on their exceptional performance.

Company Performance Bonuses

Occasionally, some companies like to celebrate excess earnings and profits with their staff collectively in the form of bonuses that are granted to everyone. The amount of the bonus will probably be different from person to person depending on their role within the organization.

Goal-Based Bonuses

Granted upon achieving an important goal or milestone.

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses

These types of bonuses are given without a reason and usually resemble an appreciation token.

Bonuses Are Not Commissions!

People tend to confuse bonuses with commissions. A commission is a prefixed rate at which someone gets paid for items sold or deals completed while a bonus is in most cases arbitrary and unplanned.


Bonus Rates Comparison by Career Field

Finance
High
Architecture
High
Sales
High
Business Development
High
Marketing / Advertising
High
Information Technology
Moderate
Healthcare
Moderate
Insurance
Moderate
Customer Service
Moderate
Human Resources
Moderate
Construction
Low
Transport
Low
Hospitality
Low

What makes a position worthy of good bonuses and a high salary?

The main two types of jobs

Revenue GeneratorsSupporting Cast

Employees that are directly involved in generating revenue or profit for the organization. Their field of expertise usually matches the type of business.

Employees that support and facilitate the work of revenue generators. Their expertise is usually different from that of the core business operations.

Example:
A graphics designer working for a graphics designing company.

Example:
A graphic designer in the marketing department of a hospital.


Revenue generators usually get more and higher bonuses, higher salaries, and more frequent salary increments. The reason is quite simple: it is easier to quantify your value to the company in monetary terms when you participate in revenue generation.

Try to work for companies where your skills can generate revenue. We can't all generate revenue and that's perfectly fine.

Bonus Comparison by Seniority Level

Top management personnel and senior employees naturally exhibit higher bonus rates and frequencies than juniors. This is very predictable due to the inherent responsibilities of being higher in the hierarchy. People in top positions can easily get double or triple bonus rates than employees down the pyramid.

Government vs Private Sector Salary Comparison

Public vs private sector salaries yearly Canada
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Where can you get paid more, working for a private company or for the government? Public sector employees in Canada earn 4% more than their private sector counterparts.

Private Sector
165,000 CAD
Public Sector+4%
172,000 CAD
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salary Trend and Forecast in Canada

How are Canada salaries changing over time? The chart below shows the average salary change in the past few years.

Salary trends and forecast yearly Canada
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Average Salary 2016
152,000 CAD
Average Salary 2017+4%
158,000 CAD
Average Salary 2018+2%
161,000 CAD
Average Salary 2019+2%
164,000 CAD
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salaries in Canada are on the rise in the year 2020 based on recent submitted salaries and reports. As displayed in the chart, salaries in 2019 are 2% higher than those of 2018. The trend suggests a slow yet continuous increase in pay in 2021 and future years. These numbers may vary from industry to another.

Salaries for popular jobs

Job TitleAverage Salary
Accounting and Finance
Accountant110,000 CAD
Accounting Assistant111,000 CAD
Accounting Manager218,000 CAD
Bookkeeper91,200 CAD
Chartered Accountant139,000 CAD
Corporate Treasurer280,000 CAD
Financial Analyst182,000 CAD
Financial Manager341,000 CAD
Internal Auditor165,000 CAD

Administration / Reception / Secretarial
Administrative Assistant92,100 CAD
Office Manager120,000 CAD
Receptionist88,000 CAD
Secretary89,400 CAD

Advertising / Grapic Design / Events
Art Director171,000 CAD
Creative Director172,000 CAD
Graphic Designer116,000 CAD
Photographer111,000 CAD

Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense
Aerospace Engineer184,000 CAD
Air Traffic Controller178,000 CAD
Flight Attendant145,000 CAD
Pilot198,000 CAD

Architecture
Architect154,000 CAD
CAD Drafter122,000 CAD

Automotive
Mechanic87,500 CAD
Service Advisor128,000 CAD

Banking
Bank Branch Manager252,000 CAD
Teller118,000 CAD

Bilingual
Teacher131,000 CAD
Translator139,000 CAD

Business Planning
Business Analyst205,000 CAD
Business Development Manager255,000 CAD
Project Manager194,000 CAD

Care Giving and Child Care
Nanny102,000 CAD
Nursery Teacher123,000 CAD

Construction / Building / Installation
Civil Engineer151,000 CAD
Construction Project Manager204,000 CAD
Health and Safety Officer104,000 CAD

Customer Service and Call Center
Call Center Representative116,000 CAD
Customer Service Manager231,000 CAD
Customer Service Representative116,000 CAD

Engineering
Civil Engineer148,000 CAD
Electrical Engineer162,000 CAD
Engineer146,000 CAD
Mechanical Engineer170,000 CAD

Executive and Management
Chief Executive Officer375,000 CAD
Chief Financial Officer339,000 CAD
General Manager308,000 CAD
Project Manager196,000 CAD

Food / Hospitality / Tourism / Catering
Chef132,000 CAD
Executive Chef154,000 CAD
Hotel Manager258,000 CAD
Receptionist125,000 CAD
Travel Agent131,000 CAD
Waiter / Waitress100,000 CAD

Health and Medical
Dentist384,000 CAD
Dietitian391,000 CAD
Laboratory Technician131,000 CAD
Nurse135,000 CAD

Human Resources
Human Resources Manager228,000 CAD
Human Resources Officer142,000 CAD

Information Technology
Computer Technician130,000 CAD
Database Administrator173,000 CAD
Developer / Programmer148,000 CAD
Information Technology Manager230,000 CAD
Network Engineer139,000 CAD

Law Enforcement / Security / Fire
Police Officer133,000 CAD

Legal
Attorney252,000 CAD
Legal Assistant118,000 CAD

Media / Broadcasting / Arts / Entertainment
Journalist166,000 CAD

Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology
Biomedical Engineer138,000 CAD
Pharmacist186,000 CAD

Sales Retail and Wholesale
Cashier91,900 CAD
Sales Manager253,000 CAD
Sales Representative109,000 CAD

Teaching / Education
Elementary School Teacher116,000 CAD
Secondary School Teacher134,000 CAD

Average Hourly Wage in Canada


81 CAD per hour

The average hourly wage (pay per hour) in Canada is 81 CAD. This means that the average person in Canada earns approximately 81 CAD for every worked hour.


Hourly Wage = Annual Salary ÷ ( 52 x 5 x 8 )

The hourly wage is the salary paid in one worked hour. Usually jobs are classified into two categories: salaried jobs and hourly jobs. Salaried jobs pay a fix amount regardless of the hours worked. Hourly jobs pay per worked hour. To convert salary into hourly wage the above formula is used (assuming 5 working days in a week and 8 working hours per day which is the standard for most jobs). The hourly wage calculation may differ slightly depending on the worked hours per week and the annual vacation allowance. The figures mentioned above are good approximations and are considered to be the standard. One major difference between salaried employees and hourly paid employees is overtime eligibility. Salaried employees are usually exempt from overtime as opposed to hourly paid staff.

Salary Comparison By City

CityAverage Salary
Brampton173,000 CAD
Calgary178,000 CAD
Edmonton176,000 CAD
Gatineau162,000 CAD
Halifax165,000 CAD
Hamilton174,000 CAD
Kitchener170,000 CAD
Markham168,000 CAD
Mississauga179,000 CAD
Montreal190,000 CAD
Ottawa181,000 CAD
Quebec178,000 CAD
Regina160,000 CAD
Richmond152,000 CAD
Saskatoon162,000 CAD
Surrey166,000 CAD
Toronto189,000 CAD
Vancouver181,000 CAD
Vaughan165,000 CAD
Windsor163,000 CAD
Winnipeg175,000 CAD

Salary Comparison By State

StateAverage Salary
Alberta181,000 CAD
British Columbia185,000 CAD
Manitoba174,000 CAD
New Brunswick155,000 CAD
Newfoundland-Labrador152,000 CAD
Northwest Territories169,000 CAD
Nova Scotia159,000 CAD
Nunavut176,000 CAD
Ontario189,000 CAD
Prince Edward Island146,000 CAD
Quebec186,000 CAD
Saskatchewan163,000 CAD
Yukon150,000 CAD
68499 - 4081

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