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Average Salary in Ethiopia 2020

How much money does a person working in Ethiopia make?

Average Monthly Salary
8,970 ETB
( 108,000 ETB yearly)


A person working in Ethiopia typically earns around 8,970 ETB per month. Salaries range from 1,210 ETB (lowest average) to 39,700 ETB (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits. Salaries vary drastically between different careers. If you are interested in the salary of a particular job, see below for salaries for specific job titles.

Distribution of Salaries in Ethiopia

Median and salary distribution monthly Ethiopia
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The median, the maximum, the minimum, and the range

  • Salary Range

    Salaries in Ethiopia range from 1,210 ETB per month (minimum salary) to 39,700 ETB per month (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher).

  • Median Salary

    The median salary is 9,150 ETB per month, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 9,150 ETB while the other half are earning more than 9,150 ETB. The median represents the middle salary value. Generally speaking, you would want to be on the right side of the graph with the group earning more than the median salary.

  • Percentiles

    Closely related to the median are two values: the 25th and the 75th percentiles. Reading from the salary distribution diagram, 25% of the population are earning less than 4,660 ETB while 75% of them are earning more than 4,660 ETB. Also from the diagram, 75% of the population are earning less than 24,900 ETB while 25% are earning more than 24,900 ETB.

What is the difference between the median and the average salary?

Both are indicators. If your salary is higher than both of the average and the median then you are doing very well. If your salary is lower than both, then many people are earning more than you and there is plenty of room for improvement. If your wage is between the average and the median, then things can be a bit complicated. We wrote a guide to explain all about the different scenarios. How to compare your salary

Salary Comparison by Years of Experience

How does a person's salary progress over time?

Salary Comparison By Experience Level
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The experience level is the most important factor in determining the salary. Naturally the more years of experience the higher the wage.

Generally speaking, employees having experience from two to five years earn on average 32% more than freshers and juniors across all industries and disciplines.

Professionals with experience of more than five years tend to earn on average 36% more than those with five years or less of work experience.

Change in salary based on experience varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of many different jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

As you hit the ten years mark, the salary increases by 21% and an additional 14% for those who have crossed the 15 years mark.

Those figures are presented as guidelines only. The numbers become more significant if you consider one job title at a time.

On average, a person's salary doubles their starting salary by the time they cross the 10 years* experience mark.
* Based on the average change in salary over time. Salary variations differ from person to person.

Salary Comparison By Education

How does the education level affect your salary?

Salary Comparison By Education
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It is well known that higher education equals a bigger salary, but how much more money can a degree add to your income? We compared the salaries of professionals at the same level but with different college degrees levels across many jobs, below are our findings.

Change in salary based on education varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of multiple jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

Workers with a certificate or diploma earn on average 17% more than their peers who only reached the high school level.

Employees who earned a Bachelor's Degree earn 24% more than those who only managed to attain a cerificate or diploma.

Professionals who attained a Master's Degree are awarded salaries that are 29% more than those with a Bachelor's Degree.

Finally, PhD holders earn 23% more than Master's Degree holders on average while doing the same job.

Is a Master's degree or an MBA worth it? Should you pursue higher education?

A Master's degree program or any post-graduate program in Ethiopia costs anywhere from 44,900 Ethiopian Birr(s) to 135,000 Ethiopian Birr(s) and lasts approximately two years. That is quite an investment.

You can't really expect any salary increases during the study period, assuming you already have a job. In most cases, a salary review is conducted once education is completed and the degree has been attained.

Many people pursue higher education as a tactic to switch into a higher paying job. The numbers seem to support this tactic. The average increase in compensation while changing jobs is approximately 10% more than the customary salary increment.

The decision really depends on your situation and experience among many other factors. Putting all variables aside, if you can afford the costs of higher education then the return on investment is definitely worth it. You should be able to recover the costs in roughly a year or so.

Salary Comparison By Gender

Salary comparison by gender monthly Ethiopia
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Though gender should not have an effect on pay, in reality, it does. So who gets paid more: men or women? Male employees in Ethiopia earn 16% more than their female counterparts.

8,140 ETB
9,480 ETB
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Average Annual Salary Increment Percentage in Ethiopia

How much are annual salary increments in Ethiopia? How often do employees get salary raises?


Employees in Ethiopia are likely to observe a salary increase of approximately 4% every 29 months.

Annual Salary Increment Rate Ethiopia
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The figures provided here are averages of numbers. Those figures should be taken as general guidelines. Salary increments will vary from person to person and depend on many factors, but your performance and contribution to the success of the organization remain the most important factors in determining how much and how often you will be granted a raise.

The term 'Annual Salary Increase' usually refers to the increase in 12 calendar month period, but because it is rarely that people get their salaries reviewed exactly on the one year mark, it is more meaningful to know the frequency and the rate at the time of the increase.

How to calculate the salary increment percentage?

The annual salary Increase in a calendar year (12 months) can be easily calculated as follows: Annual Salary Increase = Increase Rate x 12 ÷ Increase Frequency

The average salary increase in one year (12 months) in Ethiopia is 2%.

Annual Increment Rate By Industry 2019

Information Technology

Listed above are the average annual increase rates for each industry in Ethiopia for the year 2019. Companies within thriving industries tend to provide higher and more frequent raises. Exceptions do exist, but generally speaking, the situation of any company is closely related to the economic situation in the country or region. These figures tend to change frequently.

Average Salary Increase Rate by Experience Level

Junoir Level
3% - 5%
6% - 9%
Senior Level
10% - 15%
Top Management
15% - 20%

The difference in increment rates is somehow justified because employers put more effort to retain more experienced staff since they are harder to acquire than less experienced ones.

Worldwide Salary Raises: All Countries and All Jobs

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Bonus and Incentive Rates in Ethiopia

How much and how often are bonuses being awarded?Annual Salary Bonus Rate Ethiopia
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64% of surveyed staff in Ethiopia reported that they haven't received any bonuses or incentives in the previous year while 36% said that they received at least one form of monetary bonus.

Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 3% to 6% of their annual salary.

Received Bonus
No Bonus

Types of Bonuses Considered

Individual Performance-Based Bonuses

The most standard form of bonus where the employee is awarded based on their exceptional performance.

Company Performance Bonuses

Occasionally, some companies like to celebrate excess earnings and profits with their staff collectively in the form of bonuses that are granted to everyone. The amount of the bonus will probably be different from person to person depending on their role within the organization.

Goal-Based Bonuses

Granted upon achieving an important goal or milestone.

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses

These types of bonuses are given without a reason and usually resemble an appreciation token.

Bonuses Are Not Commissions!

People tend to confuse bonuses with commissions. A commission is a prefixed rate at which someone gets paid for items sold or deals completed while a bonus is in most cases arbitrary and unplanned.

Bonus Rates Comparison by Career Field

Business Development
Marketing / Advertising
Information Technology
Customer Service
Human Resources

What makes a position worthy of good bonuses and a high salary?

The main two types of jobs

Revenue GeneratorsSupporting Cast

Employees that are directly involved in generating revenue or profit for the organization. Their field of expertise usually matches the type of business.

Employees that support and facilitate the work of revenue generators. Their expertise is usually different from that of the core business operations.

A graphics designer working for a graphics designing company.

A graphic designer in the marketing department of a hospital.

Revenue generators usually get more and higher bonuses, higher salaries, and more frequent salary increments. The reason is quite simple: it is easier to quantify your value to the company in monetary terms when you participate in revenue generation.

Try to work for companies where your skills can generate revenue. We can't all generate revenue and that's perfectly fine.

Bonus Comparison by Seniority Level

Top management personnel and senior employees naturally exhibit higher bonus rates and frequencies than juniors. This is very predictable due to the inherent responsibilities of being higher in the hierarchy. People in top positions can easily get double or triple bonus rates than employees down the pyramid.

Government vs Private Sector Salary Comparison

Public vs private sector salaries monthly Ethiopia
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Where can you get paid more, working for a private company or for the government? Public sector employees in Ethiopia earn 14% more than their private sector counterparts.

Private Sector
8,250 ETB
Public Sector+14%
9,420 ETB
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salary Trend and Forecast in Ethiopia

How are Ethiopia salaries changing over time? The chart below shows the average salary change in the past few years.

Salary trends and forecast monthly Ethiopia
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Average Salary 2016
7,960 ETB
Average Salary 2017+4%
8,260 ETB
Average Salary 2018+3%
8,490 ETB
Average Salary 2019+2%
8,650 ETB
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salaries in Ethiopia are on the rise in the year 2020 based on recent submitted salaries and reports. As displayed in the chart, salaries in 2019 are 2% higher than those of 2018. The trend suggests a slow yet continuous increase in pay in 2021 and future years. These numbers may vary from industry to another.

Salaries for popular jobs

Job TitleAverage Salary
Accounting and Finance
Accountant5,920 ETB
Accounting Assistant5,520 ETB
Accounting Manager11,600 ETB
Bookkeeper4,510 ETB
Chartered Accountant7,520 ETB
Corporate Treasurer14,400 ETB
Financial Analyst9,410 ETB
Financial Manager17,900 ETB
Internal Auditor8,470 ETB

Administration / Reception / Secretarial
Administrative Assistant4,760 ETB
Office Manager6,220 ETB
Receptionist6,200 ETB
Secretary4,750 ETB

Advertising / Grapic Design / Events
Art Director8,850 ETB
Creative Director9,040 ETB
Graphic Designer5,810 ETB
Photographer5,930 ETB

Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense
Aerospace Engineer9,680 ETB
Air Traffic Controller8,740 ETB
Flight Attendant7,660 ETB
Pilot9,980 ETB

Architect7,670 ETB
CAD Drafter6,240 ETB

Mechanic4,420 ETB
Service Advisor6,880 ETB

Bank Branch Manager13,100 ETB
Teller6,100 ETB

Teacher6,850 ETB
Translator7,520 ETB

Business Planning
Business Analyst10,200 ETB
Business Development Manager13,400 ETB
Project Manager10,200 ETB

Care Giving and Child Care
Nanny5,520 ETB
Nursery Teacher6,410 ETB

Construction / Building / Installation
Civil Engineer7,910 ETB
Construction Project Manager10,100 ETB
Health and Safety Officer5,580 ETB

Customer Service and Call Center
Call Center Representative5,820 ETB
Customer Service Manager11,400 ETB
Customer Service Representative5,870 ETB

Electrical Engineer8,620 ETB
Engineer7,480 ETB
Mechanical Engineer8,390 ETB

Executive and Management
Chief Executive Officer18,900 ETB
Chief Financial Officer18,100 ETB
General Manager15,100 ETB

Food / Hospitality / Tourism / Catering
Chef6,760 ETB
Executive Chef7,560 ETB
Hotel Manager12,700 ETB
Travel Agent6,710 ETB
Waiter / Waitress5,320 ETB

Health and Medical
Dentist20,700 ETB
Dietitian19,300 ETB
Laboratory Technician6,460 ETB
Nurse7,060 ETB

Human Resources
Human Resources Manager11,500 ETB
Human Resources Officer7,360 ETB

Information Technology
Computer Technician6,810 ETB
Database Administrator8,960 ETB
Developer / Programmer7,400 ETB
Information Technology Manager11,900 ETB
Network Engineer7,510 ETB

Law Enforcement / Security / Fire
Police Officer7,000 ETB

Attorney13,000 ETB
Legal Assistant6,270 ETB

Media / Broadcasting / Arts / Entertainment
Journalist8,290 ETB

Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology
Biomedical Engineer7,420 ETB
Pharmacist9,420 ETB

Sales Retail and Wholesale
Cashier4,930 ETB
Sales Manager12,900 ETB
Sales Representative5,770 ETB

Teaching / Education
Elementary School Teacher5,820 ETB
Secondary School Teacher7,160 ETB

Average Hourly Wage in Ethiopia

52 ETB per hour

The average hourly wage (pay per hour) in Ethiopia is 52 ETB. This means that the average person in Ethiopia earns approximately 52 ETB for every worked hour.

Hourly Wage = Annual Salary ÷ ( 52 x 5 x 8 )

The hourly wage is the salary paid in one worked hour. Usually jobs are classified into two categories: salaried jobs and hourly jobs. Salaried jobs pay a fix amount regardless of the hours worked. Hourly jobs pay per worked hour. To convert salary into hourly wage the above formula is used (assuming 5 working days in a week and 8 working hours per day which is the standard for most jobs). The hourly wage calculation may differ slightly depending on the worked hours per week and the annual vacation allowance. The figures mentioned above are good approximations and are considered to be the standard. One major difference between salaried employees and hourly paid employees is overtime eligibility. Salaried employees are usually exempt from overtime as opposed to hourly paid staff.

Salary Comparison By City

CityAverage Salary
Adis Abeba9,460 ETB
Gonder8,720 ETB
Mekele7,760 ETB
6205 - 65

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