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Average Salary in United Kingdom 2020

How much money does a person working in United Kingdom make?


Average Yearly Salary
71,000 GBP
( 5,920 GBP monthly)

LOW
18,000
GBP
AVERAGE
71,000
GBP
HIGH
317,000
GBP

A person working in United Kingdom typically earns around 71,000 GBP per year. Salaries range from 18,000 GBP (lowest average) to 317,000 GBP (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

This is the average yearly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits. Salaries vary drastically between different careers. If you are interested in the salary of a particular job, see below for salaries for specific job titles.

Distribution of Salaries in United Kingdom

Median and salary distribution yearly United Kingdom
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The median, the maximum, the minimum, and the range

  • Salary Range

    Salaries in United Kingdom range from 18,000 GBP per year (minimum salary) to 317,000 GBP per year (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher).

  • Median Salary

    The median salary is 68,100 GBP per year, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 68,100 GBP while the other half are earning more than 68,100 GBP. The median represents the middle salary value. Generally speaking, you would want to be on the right side of the graph with the group earning more than the median salary.

  • Percentiles

    Closely related to the median are two values: the 25th and the 75th percentiles. Reading from the salary distribution diagram, 25% of the population are earning less than 38,700 GBP while 75% of them are earning more than 38,700 GBP. Also from the diagram, 75% of the population are earning less than 185,000 GBP while 25% are earning more than 185,000 GBP.


What is the difference between the median and the average salary?

Both are indicators. If your salary is higher than both of the average and the median then you are doing very well. If your salary is lower than both, then many people are earning more than you and there is plenty of room for improvement. If your wage is between the average and the median, then things can be a bit complicated. We wrote a guide to explain all about the different scenarios. How to compare your salary

Salary Comparison by Years of Experience

How does a person's salary progress over time?

Salary Comparison By Experience Level
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The experience level is the most important factor in determining the salary. Naturally the more years of experience the higher the wage.

Generally speaking, employees having experience from two to five years earn on average 32% more than freshers and juniors across all industries and disciplines.

Professionals with experience of more than five years tend to earn on average 36% more than those with five years or less of work experience.


Change in salary based on experience varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of many different jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

As you hit the ten years mark, the salary increases by 21% and an additional 14% for those who have crossed the 15 years mark.

Those figures are presented as guidelines only. The numbers become more significant if you consider one job title at a time.

On average, a person's salary doubles their starting salary by the time they cross the 10 years* experience mark.
* Based on the average change in salary over time. Salary variations differ from person to person.

Salary Comparison By Education

How does the education level affect your salary?

Salary Comparison By Education
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It is well known that higher education equals a bigger salary, but how much more money can a degree add to your income? We compared the salaries of professionals at the same level but with different college degrees levels across many jobs, below are our findings.


Change in salary based on education varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of multiple jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

Workers with a certificate or diploma earn on average 17% more than their peers who only reached the high school level.

Employees who earned a Bachelor's Degree earn 24% more than those who only managed to attain a cerificate or diploma.

Professionals who attained a Master's Degree are awarded salaries that are 29% more than those with a Bachelor's Degree.

Finally, PhD holders earn 23% more than Master's Degree holders on average while doing the same job.


Is a Master's degree or an MBA worth it? Should you pursue higher education?

A Master's degree program or any post-graduate program in United Kingdom costs anywhere from 29,600 Pound Sterling(s) to 88,700 Pound Sterling(s) and lasts approximately two years. That is quite an investment.

You can't really expect any salary increases during the study period, assuming you already have a job. In most cases, a salary review is conducted once education is completed and the degree has been attained.

Many people pursue higher education as a tactic to switch into a higher paying job. The numbers seem to support this tactic. The average increase in compensation while changing jobs is approximately 10% more than the customary salary increment.

The decision really depends on your situation and experience among many other factors. Putting all variables aside, if you can afford the costs of higher education then the return on investment is definitely worth it. You should be able to recover the costs in roughly a year or so.



Salary Comparison By Gender

Salary comparison by gender yearly United Kingdom
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Though gender should not have an effect on pay, in reality, it does. So who gets paid more: men or women? Male employees in United Kingdom earn 4% more than their female counterparts on avergae across all sectors.

Male
72,600 GBP
Female-4%
69,500 GBP
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Average Annual Salary Increment Percentage in United Kingdom

How much are annual salary increments in United Kingdom? How often do employees get salary raises?

United Kingdom

Employees in United Kingdom are likely to observe a salary increase of approximately 9% every 15 months.

Annual Salary Increment Rate United Kingdom
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The figures provided here are averages of numbers. Those figures should be taken as general guidelines. Salary increments will vary from person to person and depend on many factors, but your performance and contribution to the success of the organization remain the most important factors in determining how much and how often you will be granted a raise.

The term 'Annual Salary Increase' usually refers to the increase in 12 calendar month period, but because it is rarely that people get their salaries reviewed exactly on the one year mark, it is more meaningful to know the frequency and the rate at the time of the increase.

How to calculate the salary increment percentage?

The annual salary Increase in a calendar year (12 months) can be easily calculated as follows: Annual Salary Increase = Increase Rate x 12 ÷ Increase Frequency

The average salary increase in one year (12 months) in United Kingdom is 7%.

Annual Increment Rate By Industry 2019

Banking
3%
Energy
6%
Information Technology
9%
Healthcare
3%
Travel
6%
Construction
9%
Education
3%

Listed above are the average annual increase rates for each industry in United Kingdom for the year 2019. Companies within thriving industries tend to provide higher and more frequent raises. Exceptions do exist, but generally speaking, the situation of any company is closely related to the economic situation in the country or region. These figures tend to change frequently.


Average Salary Increase Rate by Experience Level

Junoir Level
3% - 5%
Mid-Career
6% - 9%
Senior Level
10% - 15%
Top Management
15% - 20%

The difference in increment rates is somehow justified because employers put more effort to retain more experienced staff since they are harder to acquire than less experienced ones.

Worldwide Salary Raises: All Countries and All Jobs

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Bonus and Incentive Rates in United Kingdom

How much and how often are bonuses being awarded?Annual Salary Bonus Rate United Kingdom
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47% of surveyed staff in United Kingdom reported that they haven't received any bonuses or incentives in the previous year while 53% said that they received at least one form of monetary bonus.

Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 3% to 5% of their annual salary.

Received Bonus
53%
No Bonus
47%

Types of Bonuses Considered

Individual Performance-Based Bonuses

The most standard form of bonus where the employee is awarded based on their exceptional performance.

Company Performance Bonuses

Occasionally, some companies like to celebrate excess earnings and profits with their staff collectively in the form of bonuses that are granted to everyone. The amount of the bonus will probably be different from person to person depending on their role within the organization.

Goal-Based Bonuses

Granted upon achieving an important goal or milestone.

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses

These types of bonuses are given without a reason and usually resemble an appreciation token.

Bonuses Are Not Commissions!

People tend to confuse bonuses with commissions. A commission is a prefixed rate at which someone gets paid for items sold or deals completed while a bonus is in most cases arbitrary and unplanned.


Bonus Rates Comparison by Career Field

Finance
High
Architecture
High
Sales
High
Business Development
High
Marketing / Advertising
High
Information Technology
Moderate
Healthcare
Moderate
Insurance
Moderate
Customer Service
Moderate
Human Resources
Moderate
Construction
Low
Transport
Low
Hospitality
Low

What makes a position worthy of good bonuses and a high salary?

The main two types of jobs

Revenue GeneratorsSupporting Cast

Employees that are directly involved in generating revenue or profit for the organization. Their field of expertise usually matches the type of business.

Employees that support and facilitate the work of revenue generators. Their expertise is usually different from that of the core business operations.

Example:
A graphics designer working for a graphics designing company.

Example:
A graphic designer in the marketing department of a hospital.


Revenue generators usually get more and higher bonuses, higher salaries, and more frequent salary increments. The reason is quite simple: it is easier to quantify your value to the company in monetary terms when you participate in revenue generation.

Try to work for companies where your skills can generate revenue. We can't all generate revenue and that's perfectly fine.

Bonus Comparison by Seniority Level

Top management personnel and senior employees naturally exhibit higher bonus rates and frequencies than juniors. This is very predictable due to the inherent responsibilities of being higher in the hierarchy. People in top positions can easily get double or triple bonus rates than employees down the pyramid.

Salaries for popular jobs

Job TitleAverage Salary
Accounting and Finance
Accountant49,400 GBP
Accounting Assistant39,700 GBP
Accounting Manager106,000 GBP
Bookkeeper31,900 GBP
Chartered Accountant66,200 GBP
Corporate Treasurer93,500 GBP
Financial Analyst93,100 GBP
Financial Manager149,000 GBP
Internal Auditor67,900 GBP

Administration / Reception / Secretarial
Administrative Assistant38,300 GBP
Office Manager61,300 GBP
Receptionist33,200 GBP
Secretary32,100 GBP

Advertising / Grapic Design / Events
Art Director73,100 GBP
Creative Director72,800 GBP
Graphic Designer43,600 GBP
Photographer40,700 GBP

Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense
Aerospace Engineer90,500 GBP
Air Traffic Controller79,900 GBP
Flight Attendant47,200 GBP
Pilot123,000 GBP

Architecture
Architect82,800 GBP
CAD Drafter35,600 GBP

Automotive
Mechanic27,100 GBP
Service Advisor47,600 GBP

Banking
Bank Branch Manager125,000 GBP
Teller26,400 GBP

Bilingual
Teacher54,600 GBP
Translator66,200 GBP

Business Planning
Business Analyst91,300 GBP
Business Development Manager116,000 GBP
Project Manager89,000 GBP

Care Giving and Child Care
Nanny28,700 GBP
Nursery Teacher27,200 GBP

Construction / Building / Installation
Civil Engineer68,700 GBP
Construction Project Manager124,000 GBP
Health and Safety Officer31,400 GBP

Customer Service and Call Center
Call Center Representative26,600 GBP
Customer Service Manager101,000 GBP
Customer Service Representative26,100 GBP

Engineering
Civil Engineer67,100 GBP
Electrical Engineer70,300 GBP
Engineer64,700 GBP
Mechanical Engineer66,500 GBP

Executive and Management
Chief Executive Officer162,000 GBP
Chief Financial Officer152,000 GBP
General Manager131,000 GBP
Project Manager79,200 GBP

Food / Hospitality / Tourism / Catering
Chef43,500 GBP
Executive Chef53,200 GBP
Hotel Manager128,000 GBP
Receptionist26,800 GBP
Travel Agent45,300 GBP
Waiter / Waitress23,300 GBP

Health and Medical
Dentist175,000 GBP
Dietitian134,000 GBP
Laboratory Technician52,800 GBP
Nurse54,500 GBP

Human Resources
Human Resources Manager106,000 GBP
Human Resources Officer42,800 GBP

Information Technology
Computer Technician56,100 GBP
Database Administrator72,100 GBP
Developer / Programmer68,400 GBP
Information Technology Manager116,000 GBP
Network Engineer62,700 GBP

Law Enforcement / Security / Fire
Police Officer41,600 GBP

Legal
Attorney142,000 GBP
Legal Assistant39,400 GBP

Media / Broadcasting / Arts / Entertainment
Journalist82,800 GBP

Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology
Biomedical Engineer64,000 GBP
Pharmacist87,600 GBP

Sales Retail and Wholesale
Cashier26,500 GBP
Sales Manager127,000 GBP
Sales Representative44,500 GBP

Teaching / Education
Elementary School Teacher48,800 GBP
Secondary School Teacher55,800 GBP

Average Hourly Wage in United Kingdom


34 GBP per hour

The average hourly wage (pay per hour) in United Kingdom is 34 GBP. This means that the average person in United Kingdom earns approximately 34 GBP for every worked hour.


Hourly Wage = Annual Salary ÷ ( 52 x 5 x 8 )

The hourly wage is the salary paid in one worked hour. Usually jobs are classified into two categories: salaried jobs and hourly jobs. Salaried jobs pay a fix amount regardless of the hours worked. Hourly jobs pay per worked hour. To convert salary into hourly wage the above formula is used (assuming 5 working days in a week and 8 working hours per day which is the standard for most jobs). The hourly wage calculation may differ slightly depending on the worked hours per week and the annual vacation allowance. The figures mentioned above are good approximations and are considered to be the standard. One major difference between salaried employees and hourly paid employees is overtime eligibility. Salaried employees are usually exempt from overtime as opposed to hourly paid staff.

Salary Comparison By City

CityAverage Salary
Aberdeen71,400 GBP
Abingdon66,300 GBP
Armagh70,700 GBP
Bangor62,600 GBP
Belfast74,900 GBP
Birmingham84,900 GBP
Bradford80,500 GBP
Brighton78,400 GBP
Bristol83,700 GBP
Cambridge71,900 GBP
Canterbury67,500 GBP
Cardiff77,400 GBP
Chester69,800 GBP
Coventry81,000 GBP
Derby78,900 GBP
Derry67,300 GBP
Dundee69,400 GBP
Durham69,300 GBP
Edinburgh77,100 GBP
Exeter73,100 GBP
Glasgow79,300 GBP
Gloucester72,400 GBP
Hartlepool71,000 GBP
Inverness63,300 GBP
Kingston upon Hull80,700 GBP
Kirkwall61,300 GBP
Leeds85,300 GBP
Leicester82,400 GBP
Lincoln74,200 GBP
Lisburn65,300 GBP
Liverpool84,800 GBP
London86,400 GBP
Manchester84,200 GBP
Newcastle80,500 GBP
Newport70,500 GBP
Newry67,400 GBP
Norwich73,800 GBP
Nottingham81,400 GBP
Oxford76,200 GBP
Peterborough77,100 GBP
Plymouth79,400 GBP
Poole74,900 GBP
Portsmouth78,000 GBP
Ripon67,500 GBP
Salisbury69,800 GBP
Sheffield85,100 GBP
Somerset81,900 GBP
Southampton79,100 GBP
St Davids61,400 GBP
Stirling66,300 GBP
Stromness60,700 GBP
Strontian60,100 GBP
Swansea73,400 GBP
Truro68,500 GBP
Wakefield64,800 GBP
Wells60,700 GBP
Winchester63,600 GBP
Wolverhampton72,600 GBP
York70,600 GBP

Salary Comparison By State

StateAverage Salary
England135,000 GBP
Northern Ireland64,800 GBP
Scotland99,600 GBP
Wales67,400 GBP

Government vs Private Sector Salary Comparison

Where can you get paid more, working for a private company or for the government? Public sector employees in United Kingdom earn 4% more than their private sector counterparts on average across all sectors.

Private Sector
69,500 GBP
Public Sector+4%
72,600 GBP
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

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