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Average Salary in Germany 2020

How much money does a person working in Germany make?


Average Monthly Salary
11,900 EUR
( 142,000 EUR yearly)

LOW
1,610
EUR
AVERAGE
11,900
EUR
HIGH
52,600
EUR

A person working in Germany typically earns around 11,900 EUR per month. Salaries range from 1,610 EUR (lowest average) to 52,600 EUR (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits. Salaries vary drastically between different careers. If you are interested in the salary of a particular job, see below for salaries for specific job titles.

Distribution of Salaries in Germany

Median and salary distribution monthly Germany
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The median, the maximum, the minimum, and the range

  • Salary Range

    Salaries in Germany range from 1,610 EUR per month (minimum salary) to 52,600 EUR per month (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher).

  • Median Salary

    The median salary is 12,800 EUR per month, which means that half (50%) of the population are earning less than 12,800 EUR while the other half are earning more than 12,800 EUR. The median represents the middle salary value. Generally speaking, you would want to be on the right side of the graph with the group earning more than the median salary.

  • Percentiles

    Closely related to the median are two values: the 25th and the 75th percentiles. Reading from the salary distribution diagram, 25% of the population are earning less than 6,490 EUR while 75% of them are earning more than 6,490 EUR. Also from the diagram, 75% of the population are earning less than 35,300 EUR while 25% are earning more than 35,300 EUR.


What is the difference between the median and the average salary?

Both are indicators. If your salary is higher than both of the average and the median then you are doing very well. If your salary is lower than both, then many people are earning more than you and there is plenty of room for improvement. If your wage is between the average and the median, then things can be a bit complicated. We wrote a guide to explain all about the different scenarios. How to compare your salary

Salary Comparison by Years of Experience

How does a person's salary progress over time?

Salary Comparison By Experience Level
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The experience level is the most important factor in determining the salary. Naturally the more years of experience the higher the wage.

Generally speaking, employees having experience from two to five years earn on average 32% more than freshers and juniors across all industries and disciplines.

Professionals with experience of more than five years tend to earn on average 36% more than those with five years or less of work experience.


Change in salary based on experience varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of many different jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

As you hit the ten years mark, the salary increases by 21% and an additional 14% for those who have crossed the 15 years mark.

Those figures are presented as guidelines only. The numbers become more significant if you consider one job title at a time.

On average, a person's salary doubles their starting salary by the time they cross the 10 years* experience mark.
* Based on the average change in salary over time. Salary variations differ from person to person.

Salary Comparison By Education

How does the education level affect your salary?

Salary Comparison By Education
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It is well known that higher education equals a bigger salary, but how much more money can a degree add to your income? We compared the salaries of professionals at the same level but with different college degrees levels across many jobs, below are our findings.


Change in salary based on education varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of multiple jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

Workers with a certificate or diploma earn on average 17% more than their peers who only reached the high school level.

Employees who earned a Bachelor's Degree earn 24% more than those who only managed to attain a cerificate or diploma.

Professionals who attained a Master's Degree are awarded salaries that are 29% more than those with a Bachelor's Degree.

Finally, PhD holders earn 23% more than Master's Degree holders on average while doing the same job.


Is a Master's degree or an MBA worth it? Should you pursue higher education?

A Master's degree program or any post-graduate program in Germany costs anywhere from 59,400 Euro(s) to 178,000 Euro(s) and lasts approximately two years. That is quite an investment.

You can't really expect any salary increases during the study period, assuming you already have a job. In most cases, a salary review is conducted once education is completed and the degree has been attained.

Many people pursue higher education as a tactic to switch into a higher paying job. The numbers seem to support this tactic. The average increase in compensation while changing jobs is approximately 10% more than the customary salary increment.

The decision really depends on your situation and experience among many other factors. Putting all variables aside, if you can afford the costs of higher education then the return on investment is definitely worth it. You should be able to recover the costs in roughly a year or so.



Salary Comparison By Gender

Salary comparison by gender monthly Germany
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Though gender should not have an effect on pay, in reality, it does. So who gets paid more: men or women? Male employees in Germany earn 7% more than their female counterparts.

Female
11,500 EUR
Male+7%
12,300 EUR
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Average Annual Salary Increment Percentage in Germany

How much are annual salary increments in Germany? How often do employees get salary raises?

Germany

Employees in Germany are likely to observe a salary increase of approximately 8% every 16 months.

Annual Salary Increment Rate Germany
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The figures provided here are averages of numbers. Those figures should be taken as general guidelines. Salary increments will vary from person to person and depend on many factors, but your performance and contribution to the success of the organization remain the most important factors in determining how much and how often you will be granted a raise.

The term 'Annual Salary Increase' usually refers to the increase in 12 calendar month period, but because it is rarely that people get their salaries reviewed exactly on the one year mark, it is more meaningful to know the frequency and the rate at the time of the increase.

How to calculate the salary increment percentage?

The annual salary Increase in a calendar year (12 months) can be easily calculated as follows: Annual Salary Increase = Increase Rate x 12 ÷ Increase Frequency

The average salary increase in one year (12 months) in Germany is 6%.

Annual Increment Rate By Industry 2019

Banking
9%
Energy
9%
Information Technology
9%
Healthcare
9%
Travel
9%
Construction
9%
Education
9%

Listed above are the average annual increase rates for each industry in Germany for the year 2019. Companies within thriving industries tend to provide higher and more frequent raises. Exceptions do exist, but generally speaking, the situation of any company is closely related to the economic situation in the country or region. These figures tend to change frequently.


Average Salary Increase Rate by Experience Level

Junoir Level
3% - 5%
Mid-Career
6% - 9%
Senior Level
10% - 15%
Top Management
15% - 20%

The difference in increment rates is somehow justified because employers put more effort to retain more experienced staff since they are harder to acquire than less experienced ones.

Worldwide Salary Raises: All Countries and All Jobs

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Bonus and Incentive Rates in Germany

How much and how often are bonuses being awarded?Annual Salary Bonus Rate Germany
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41% of surveyed staff in Germany reported that they haven't received any bonuses or incentives in the previous year while 59% said that they received at least one form of monetary bonus.

Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 2% to 7% of their annual salary.

Received Bonus
59%
No Bonus
41%

Types of Bonuses Considered

Individual Performance-Based Bonuses

The most standard form of bonus where the employee is awarded based on their exceptional performance.

Company Performance Bonuses

Occasionally, some companies like to celebrate excess earnings and profits with their staff collectively in the form of bonuses that are granted to everyone. The amount of the bonus will probably be different from person to person depending on their role within the organization.

Goal-Based Bonuses

Granted upon achieving an important goal or milestone.

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses

These types of bonuses are given without a reason and usually resemble an appreciation token.

Bonuses Are Not Commissions!

People tend to confuse bonuses with commissions. A commission is a prefixed rate at which someone gets paid for items sold or deals completed while a bonus is in most cases arbitrary and unplanned.


Bonus Rates Comparison by Career Field

Finance
High
Architecture
High
Sales
High
Business Development
High
Marketing / Advertising
High
Information Technology
Moderate
Healthcare
Moderate
Insurance
Moderate
Customer Service
Moderate
Human Resources
Moderate
Construction
Low
Transport
Low
Hospitality
Low

What makes a position worthy of good bonuses and a high salary?

The main two types of jobs

Revenue GeneratorsSupporting Cast

Employees that are directly involved in generating revenue or profit for the organization. Their field of expertise usually matches the type of business.

Employees that support and facilitate the work of revenue generators. Their expertise is usually different from that of the core business operations.

Example:
A graphics designer working for a graphics designing company.

Example:
A graphic designer in the marketing department of a hospital.


Revenue generators usually get more and higher bonuses, higher salaries, and more frequent salary increments. The reason is quite simple: it is easier to quantify your value to the company in monetary terms when you participate in revenue generation.

Try to work for companies where your skills can generate revenue. We can't all generate revenue and that's perfectly fine.

Bonus Comparison by Seniority Level

Top management personnel and senior employees naturally exhibit higher bonus rates and frequencies than juniors. This is very predictable due to the inherent responsibilities of being higher in the hierarchy. People in top positions can easily get double or triple bonus rates than employees down the pyramid.

Government vs Private Sector Salary Comparison

Public vs private sector salaries monthly Germany
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Where can you get paid more, working for a private company or for the government? Public sector employees in Germany earn 5% more than their private sector counterparts.

Private Sector
11,600 EUR
Public Sector+5%
12,100 EUR
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salary Trend and Forecast in Germany

How are Germany salaries changing over time? The chart below shows the average salary change in the past few years.

Salary trends and forecast monthly Germany
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Average Salary 2016
10,300 EUR
Average Salary 2017+4%
10,600 EUR
Average Salary 2018+4%
11,000 EUR
Average Salary 2019+4%
11,500 EUR
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salaries in Germany are on the rise in the year 2020 based on recent submitted salaries and reports. As displayed in the chart, salaries in 2019 are 4% higher than those of 2018. The trend suggests a slow yet continuous increase in pay in 2021 and future years. These numbers may vary from industry to another.

Salaries for popular jobs

Job TitleAverage Salary
Accounting and Finance
Accountant7,560 EUR
Accounting Assistant7,140 EUR
Accounting Manager15,300 EUR
Bookkeeper6,000 EUR
Chartered Accountant9,720 EUR
Corporate Treasurer19,800 EUR
Financial Analyst11,800 EUR
Financial Manager23,100 EUR
Internal Auditor12,200 EUR

Administration / Reception / Secretarial
Administrative Assistant5,970 EUR
Office Manager7,450 EUR
Receptionist6,230 EUR
Secretary5,970 EUR

Advertising / Grapic Design / Events
Art Director10,500 EUR
Creative Director11,700 EUR
Graphic Designer7,980 EUR
Photographer7,540 EUR

Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense
Aerospace Engineer12,000 EUR
Air Traffic Controller10,900 EUR
Flight Attendant10,000 EUR
Pilot13,900 EUR

Architecture
Architect10,400 EUR
CAD Drafter8,840 EUR

Automotive
Mechanic5,830 EUR
Service Advisor9,290 EUR

Banking
Bank Branch Manager16,500 EUR
Teller7,310 EUR

Bilingual
Teacher8,750 EUR
Translator9,720 EUR

Business Planning
Business Analyst12,900 EUR
Business Development Manager17,300 EUR
Project Manager13,300 EUR

Care Giving and Child Care
Nanny7,230 EUR
Nursery Teacher7,770 EUR

Construction / Building / Installation
Civil Engineer9,970 EUR
Construction Project Manager12,800 EUR
Health and Safety Officer7,150 EUR

Customer Service and Call Center
Call Center Representative7,960 EUR
Customer Service Manager14,100 EUR
Customer Service Representative8,190 EUR

Engineering
Civil Engineer10,100 EUR
Electrical Engineer11,400 EUR
Engineer10,100 EUR
Mechanical Engineer11,100 EUR

Executive and Management
Chief Executive Officer25,000 EUR
Chief Financial Officer23,000 EUR
General Manager18,900 EUR
Project Manager12,200 EUR

Food / Hospitality / Tourism / Catering
Chef9,580 EUR
Executive Chef9,940 EUR
Hotel Manager16,000 EUR
Receptionist7,910 EUR
Travel Agent9,630 EUR
Waiter / Waitress6,980 EUR

Health and Medical
Dentist26,800 EUR
Dietitian25,700 EUR
Laboratory Technician8,550 EUR
Nurse9,060 EUR

Human Resources
Human Resources Manager15,300 EUR
Human Resources Officer9,250 EUR

Information Technology
Computer Technician8,810 EUR
Database Administrator11,200 EUR
Developer / Programmer9,650 EUR
Information Technology Manager17,100 EUR
Network Engineer10,200 EUR

Law Enforcement / Security / Fire
Police Officer8,690 EUR

Legal
Attorney16,300 EUR
Legal Assistant7,950 EUR

Media / Broadcasting / Arts / Entertainment
Journalist10,700 EUR

Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology
Biomedical Engineer9,560 EUR
Pharmacist12,500 EUR

Sales Retail and Wholesale
Cashier6,620 EUR
Sales Manager18,500 EUR
Sales Representative7,550 EUR

Teaching / Education
Elementary School Teacher7,960 EUR
Secondary School Teacher9,510 EUR

Average Hourly Wage in Germany


69 EUR per hour

The average hourly wage (pay per hour) in Germany is 69 EUR. This means that the average person in Germany earns approximately 69 EUR for every worked hour.


Hourly Wage = Annual Salary ÷ ( 52 x 5 x 8 )

The hourly wage is the salary paid in one worked hour. Usually jobs are classified into two categories: salaried jobs and hourly jobs. Salaried jobs pay a fix amount regardless of the hours worked. Hourly jobs pay per worked hour. To convert salary into hourly wage the above formula is used (assuming 5 working days in a week and 8 working hours per day which is the standard for most jobs). The hourly wage calculation may differ slightly depending on the worked hours per week and the annual vacation allowance. The figures mentioned above are good approximations and are considered to be the standard. One major difference between salaried employees and hourly paid employees is overtime eligibility. Salaried employees are usually exempt from overtime as opposed to hourly paid staff.

Salary Comparison By City

CityAverage Salary
Berlin13,500 EUR
Bremen11,700 EUR
Dortmund11,500 EUR
Dresden11,000 EUR
Dusseldorf12,400 EUR
Essen11,900 EUR
Frankfurt12,600 EUR
Hamburg13,300 EUR
Hannover10,800 EUR
Koln12,800 EUR
Leipzig11,300 EUR
Munchen13,100 EUR
Nurnberg10,600 EUR
Stuttgart12,200 EUR
4342 - 2658

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