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Average Salary in Germany 2023

How much money does a person working in Germany make?

Average Monthly Salary
3,830 EUR
( 45,900 EUR yearly)

All salary figures displayed here are per month except when noted otherwise.
All salary and compensation figures displayed here are gross salary figures, that is the salary before tax deductions. Because taxes may differ across sectors and locations, it is difficult to accurately calculate the net salary after tax for every career.

A person working in Germany typically earns around 3,830 EUR. Salaries range from 960 EUR (lowest average) to 17,000 EUR (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher).

Salary Variance

This is the average salary including housing, transport, and other benefits. Salaries in Germany vary drastically between different careers. If you are interested in the salary of a particular job, see below for salaries for specific job titles.

Pay Scale and Salaries in Germany

Median and salary distribution Germany monthly
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Salary Structure and Pay Scale Comparison

5% of people earn
7,680 EUR or more
10% of people earn
6,010 to 7,680 EUR
20% of people earn
2,340 EUR or less
65% of people earn
2,340 to 6,010 EUR
Minimum Salary
960 EUR
3,530 EUR
17,000 EUR

Median Salary, maximum and minimum salary, minimum wage, starting salary, and the salary range

All salary figures displayed here are per month except when noted otherwise.
  • Salary Range, Minimum Wage, and Starting Salary

    Salaries in Germany range from 960 EUR (starting salary) to 17,000 EUR (maximum average salary, actual maximum is higher). This is not the minimum wage as per the law, only the lowest reported number in the salary survey that had thousands of participants and professionals from all over the country.

  • Median Salary

    The median salary is 3,530 EUR, which means that 50% of the population in Germany earns less than that while the other half earns more. The median represents the middle salary value. Generally speaking, you would want to be on the right side of the graph with the group earning more than the median salary.

  • Percentiles and Salary Scale

    Closely related to the median are two values: the 25th and the 75th percentiles. Reading from the salary distribution diagram, 25% of the population in Germany earn less than 2,550 EUR while 75% of them earn more. Also from the diagram, 75% of the population earn less than 5,350 EUR while 25% earn more than that.

  • Pay Scale Structure

    We grouped the most common and recurring salaries into brackets to give more insight into what salary to expect. This method is more accurate than just the average salary and gives more insights into how salaries are actually distributed in Germany. Around 65% of all reported figures are in the range 2,340 EUR to 6,010 EUR. Approximately 20% fall under the 2,340 EUR cap. Ten percent of wages are from 6,010 EUR to 7,680 EUR. Only 5% of people grossed 7,680 EUR or more.

Salary Comparison by Years of Experience

How does a person's salary progress over time?

Salary Comparison By Experience Level
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Salary is primarily determined by the level of experience one possesses, with higher levels of experience resulting in higher wages.

In Germany, employees with two to five years of experience typically earn an average of 32% more than entry-level and junior workers in all industries and fields.

Individuals with more than five years of experience tend to earn an average of 36% more than those with less than five years of experience.

After ten years of work, salaries increase by 21%, with an additional 14% increase for those who have worked for over 15 years.

These figures should be used as rough estimates, as considering individual job titles can lead to more accurate assessments.

Change in salary based on experience varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of many different jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.
On average, a person's salary doubles their starting salary by the time they cross the 10 years* experience mark.
* Based on the average change in salary over time. Salary variations differ from person to person.

Salary Comparison By Education

How does the education level affect your salary?

Salary Comparison By Education
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Change in salary based on education varies drastically from one location to another and depends hugely on the career field as well. The data displayed here is the combined average of multiple jobs. To view accurate figures, choose a specific job title.

The correlation between higher education and higher salary is widely acknowledged, but how much of an income increase can one expect from obtaining a degree?

We conducted a study in Germany comparing the salaries of professionals with different levels of college degrees who held similar positions in various industries.

Our results showed that individuals with a certificate or diploma earned an average of 17% more than those who only completed high school.

Those who obtained a Bachelor's Degree earned 24% more than their counterparts with a certificate or diploma.

Professionals with a Master's Degree earned 29% more than those with a Bachelor's Degree.

Finally, those who held a PhD earned an average of 23% more than those with a Master's Degree while performing the same job.

Is investing in a Master's degree or an MBA worth it? Is pursuing higher education worth the investment?

Earning a Master's degree or any post-graduate qualification in Germany is a substantial financial commitment, with tuition fees ranging from 19,100 EUR to 57,400 EUR and a duration of around two years. It's important to note that during this period, any salary increases are unlikely, assuming ongoing employment. Salary reviews are typically conducted after completing the program and obtaining the degree.

Many individuals pursue advanced education as a means of transitioning to higher-paying positions, and the statistics indicate that this is an effective strategy. On average, individuals who change jobs after earning a higher degree receive a salary increase of about 10% more than the typical annual raise.

Ultimately, deciding whether or not to pursue advanced education depends on a variety of factors, including the personal situation and experience. However, if one can afford the financial costs of obtaining a higher degree, the return on investment is likely to be worthwhile, with the ability to recoup the costs in approximately a year.

Salary and Compensation Comparison By Gender / Germany

Salary comparison by gender Germany monthly
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Though gender should not have an effect on pay, in reality, it does. So who gets paid more: men or women? In Germany, the average difference between the salary of male and female employees is 6% across all career fields.

3,940 EUR
3,710 EUR
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Average Annual Salary Increment Percentage in Germany

How much are annual salary increments in Germany? How often do employees get salary raises?


Employees in Germany are likely to observe a salary increase of approximately 8% every 16 months.

Annual Salary Increment Rate Germany
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The figures provided here are averages of numbers. Those figures should be taken as general guidelines. Salary increments will vary from person to person and depend on many factors, but your performance and contribution to the success of the organization remain the most important factors in determining how much and how often you will be granted a raise.

The term Annual Salary Increase usually refers to the increase in 12 calendar month period, but because it is rare that people get their salaries reviewed exactly on the one-year mark, it is more meaningful to know the frequency and the rate at the time of the increase.

How to calculate the salary increment percentage?

The annual salary Increase in a calendar year (12 months) can be easily calculated as follows: Annual Salary Increase = Increase Rate x 12 / Increase Frequency

The average salary increase in one year (12 months) in Germany is 6%.

Worldwide Salary Raises: All Countries and All Jobs

World Average Annual Salary Increment
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Salary Packages and Schemes

Not all compensation increases are reflected directly in the salary. Some companies offer upgraded packages to their staff instead of cash money. The figures displayed here account only for direct increments to the base salary.

Bonus and Incentive Rates in Germany

How much and how often are bonuses being awarded?Annual Salary Bonus Rate Germany
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41% of surveyed staff in Germany reported that they haven't received any bonuses or incentives in the previous year while 59% said that they received at least one form of monetary bonus.

Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 2% to 7% of their annual salary.

Received Bonus
No Bonus

Types of Bonuses Considered

Individual Performance-Based Bonuses

The most standard form of bonus, where the employee is awarded based on their exceptional performance.

Company Performance Bonuses

Occasionally, some companies like to celebrate excess earnings and profits with their staff collectively in the form of bonuses that are granted to everyone. The amount of the bonus will probably be different from person to person depending on their role within the organization.

Goal-Based Bonuses

Granted upon achieving an important goal or milestone.

Holiday / End of Year Bonuses

These types of bonuses are given without a reason and usually resemble an appreciation token.

Bonuses Are Not Commissions!

People tend to confuse bonuses with commissions. A commission is a prefixed rate at which someone gets paid for items sold or deals completed while a bonus is in most cases arbitrary and unplanned.

Bonus Rates Comparison by Career Field

Business Development
Marketing / Advertising
Information Technology
Customer Service
Human Resources

What makes a position worthy of good bonuses and a high salary?

The main two types of jobs

Revenue GeneratorsSupporting Cast

Employees that are directly involved in generating revenue or profit for the organization. Their field of expertise usually matches the type of business.

Employees that support and facilitate the work of revenue generators. Their expertise is usually different from that of the core business operations.

A graphics designer working for a graphics designing company.

A graphic designer in the marketing department of a hospital.

Revenue generators usually get more and higher bonuses, higher salaries, and more frequent salary increments. The reason is quite simple: it is easier to quantify your value to the company in monetary terms when you participate in revenue generation.

Try to work for companies where your skills can generate revenue. We can't all generate revenue and that's perfectly fine.

Bonus Comparison by Seniority Level

Top management personnel and senior employees naturally exhibit higher bonus rates and frequencies than juniors. This is very predictable due to the inherent responsibilities of being higher in the hierarchy. People in top positions can easily get double or triple bonus rates than employees down the pyramid.

Salaries for popular jobs. Salaries by occupations.

Job TitleAverage Salary
Accounting and Finance
Accountant2,500 EUR
Accounting Assistant1,920 EUR
Accounting Manager5,670 EUR
Bookkeeper1,720 EUR
Chartered Accountant3,280 EUR
Corporate Treasurer4,950 EUR
Financial Analyst4,690 EUR
Financial Manager7,380 EUR
Internal Auditor3,620 EUR

Administration / Reception / Secretarial
Administrative Assistant1,930 EUR
Office Manager3,050 EUR
Receptionist1,760 EUR
Secretary1,620 EUR

Advertising / Graphic Design / Events
Art Director3,460 EUR
Creative Director3,700 EUR
Graphic Designer2,370 EUR
Photographer2,010 EUR

Airlines / Aviation / Aerospace / Defense
Aerospace Engineer4,540 EUR
Air Traffic Controller3,830 EUR
Flight Attendant2,590 EUR
Pilot6,520 EUR

Architect4,470 EUR
CAD Drafter1,950 EUR

Mechanic1,350 EUR
Service Advisor2,630 EUR

Bank Branch Manager6,650 EUR
Teller1,320 EUR

Teacher2,830 EUR
Translator3,280 EUR

Business Planning
Business Analyst4,390 EUR
Business Development Manager5,890 EUR
Project Manager4,630 EUR

Care Giving and Child Care
Nanny1,540 EUR
Nursery Teacher1,320 EUR

Construction / Building / Installation
Civil Engineer3,330 EUR
Construction Project Manager5,800 EUR
Health and Safety Officer1,630 EUR

Customer Service and Call Center
Call Center Representative1,410 EUR
Customer Service Manager4,710 EUR
Customer Service Representative1,420 EUR

Civil Engineer3,310 EUR
Electrical Engineer3,680 EUR
Engineer3,410 EUR
Mechanical Engineer3,490 EUR

Executive and Management
Chief Executive Officer8,080 EUR
Chief Financial Officer7,480 EUR
General Manager6,100 EUR
Project Manager3,940 EUR

Food / Hospitality / Tourism / Catering
Chef2,370 EUR
Executive Chef2,650 EUR
Hotel Manager6,300 EUR
Receptionist1,320 EUR
Travel Agent2,420 EUR
Waiter / Waitress1,190 EUR

Health and Medical
Dentist8,660 EUR
Dietitian7,210 EUR
Laboratory Technician2,770 EUR
Nurse2,900 EUR

Human Resources
Human Resources Manager5,400 EUR
Human Resources Officer2,210 EUR

Information Technology
Computer Technician2,850 EUR
Database Administrator3,630 EUR
Developer / Programmer3,480 EUR
Information Technology Manager6,340 EUR
Network Engineer3,310 EUR

Law Enforcement / Security / Fire
Police Officer2,140 EUR

Attorney7,170 EUR
Legal Assistant1,890 EUR

Media / Broadcasting / Arts / Entertainment
Journalist4,000 EUR

Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology
Biomedical Engineer3,090 EUR
Pharmacist4,600 EUR

Sales Retail and Wholesale
Cashier1,430 EUR
Sales Manager6,600 EUR
Sales Representative2,440 EUR

Teaching / Education
Elementary School Teacher2,580 EUR
Secondary School Teacher3,080 EUR

Average Hourly Wage in Germany

22 EUR per hour

The average hourly wage (pay per hour) for all employees in Germany is 22 EUR.This is the rate that the average individual gets paid for every worked hour.

Hourly Wage = Annual Salary / ( 52 x 5 x 8 )

About The Hourly Pay Rate

The hourly wage is the salary paid in one worked hour. Usually, jobs are classified into two categories: salaried jobs and hourly jobs. Salaried jobs pay a fixed amount regardless of the hours worked. Hourly jobs pay per worked hour. To convert salary into hourly wage the above formula is used (assuming 5 working days in a week and 8 working hours per day which is the standard for most jobs). The hourly wage calculation may differ slightly depending on the worked hours per week and the annual vacation allowance. The figures mentioned above are good approximations and are considered to be the standard. One major difference between salaried employees and hourly paid employees is overtime eligibility. Salaried employees are usually exempt from overtime as opposed to hourly paid staff.

What is the minimum hourly rate of pay?

The minimum pay rate per hour for a person in Germany is 6 EUR. This is the minimum as per the gathered data in the salary survey not the minimum hourly rate mandated by law.

Salary Comparison By City

CityAverage Salary
Berlin4,360 EUR
Bremen3,780 EUR
Dortmund3,690 EUR
Dresden3,560 EUR
Dusseldorf4,010 EUR
Essen3,850 EUR
Frankfurt4,070 EUR
Hamburg4,280 EUR
Hannover3,470 EUR
Koln4,140 EUR
Leipzig3,630 EUR
Munchen4,210 EUR
Nurnberg3,410 EUR
Stuttgart3,920 EUR

Government vs Private Sector Salary Comparison

Where can you get paid more, working in a private company or the government? The difference between the public or government sector salaries and the private sector salaries in Germany is 5% on average across all career fields.

Private Sector
3,740 EUR
Public Sector+5%
3,910 EUR
Percentage increase and decrease are relative to the previous value

Salary Statistics and Calculation Guide

What is considered to be a good and competitive salary in Germany?

It is extremely difficult to give an exact figure of a good salary when no specific job is selected, however; an estimate can be provided based purely on the cost of living. A good compensation in Germany would range anywhere between 3,530 EUR and 5,350 EUR.

Gross Salary (before tax) and Net Salary (after tax)

All salary and compensation figures displayed here are gross salary figures, that is the salary before tax deductions. Because taxes may differ across sectors and locations, it is difficult to accurately calculate the net salary after tax for every career.

Base / Basic Salary

The base salary in Germany ranges from 960 EUR to 2,550 EUR. The base salary depends on many factors including profession, experience, and education. It is not easy to provide a figure with very little information, so take this range with a grain of salt.

What is the difference between the median and the average salary?

Both are indicators. If your salary is higher than both the average and the median then you are doing very well. If your salary is lower than both, then many people earn more than you and there is plenty of room for improvement. If your wage is between the average and the median, then things can be a bit complicated. We wrote a guide to explain all about the different scenarios. How to compare your salary

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